Sailing Instructions

Guiding Principals

RYA Racing Charter

In accordance with the constitutional objective of promoting sailing Brighton Sailing Club  implements the RYA Racing Charter which requires both competitors to sail, and organisers to provide, racing in compliance with the Charter, which can be found at the front ofthe RYA rule book (Racing Rules of Sailing 2009-2012) or at www.rya.org.uk/racing/charter .

General Notice of Club Racing

Organizing authority is Brighton Sailing Club, 111 Kings Rd Arches, Brighton, BN1 2FN

The race programme this year including dates, times and series are detailed on the Club's website in the  calendar.

All races will be governed by the rules defined in the Racing Rules of Sailing.

Club racing will be comprise two fleets, mono hull fleet and catamaran fleet. Boats must comply with class regulations.

Courses - Sailing is conducted in roughly the area between the Brighton piers but will be detailed by the OOD at the race briefing. Suggested courses are described on the Club's website.

Radio Communications - VHF Channel M77 is used by race control unless otherwise notified.

Notes to competitors - The safety of a boat and her entire management including insurance shall be the sole responsibility of the owner/person in charge. He/she must ensure that the boat and crew are adequate to face the conditions that may arise in the course of sailing. Neither these sailing instructions nor any inspection of the boat limits or reduces the absolute responsibility of the owner/person in charge of the crew, the boat and her management. The club shall not be responsible for any loss, damage, death or personal injury howsoever caused to the owner/person in charge or crew as a result of their taking part in the sailing activities. Every owner/person in charge warrants the suitability of their boat for the conditions.

It is a club rule that all persons wear adequate personal buoyancy at all times when on the water. Adequate buoyancy is as described in the EU regulation CE 50 Newton personal buoyancy aid.

Sailors are mandated to keep out of the "swimming area" at all times and comply with the Brighton Council by-laws. The key points relating to us are:-

  • When lifeguards are on duty on the bathing beaches a system of red and yellow flags are flown to show the area of the bathing beach.
  • Vessels propelled either by motor or sail are not permitted to enter these bathing areas during May to September inclusive.
  • Vessels powered by sail may use the waters everywhere else along the 11km of seafront.

Sailing Instructions

1. Rules

1.1 All races will be governed by the "rules" as defined in the Racing Rules of Sailing (RRS)
1.2 The "Seaside Pleasure Boats" bylaws will apply*, see note 1
1.5 Under rule 86.1(b), in the definition Zone the distance is changed to two hull lengths.

2. Notices to Competitors

2.1 Notices to competitors will be posted on the official notice board located on the rescue boat hut door.
2.2 The Officer of the day will hold a briefing 30 minutes prior to the first race of the day.

3.Changes to the Sailing Instructions

3.1 Any change to the sailing instructions will be posted before 09:00 on the day it will take effect, except that any change to the schedule of races will be posted by 11:00 7 days before it will take effect.
3.2 The OOD may remove the requirement to avoid the "swimming area" at any time, if he/she deems avoidance of the swimming area would be dangerous to competitors or if the location of the yellow buoys is demonstrably incorrect* see note 1

4. Signals Made Ashore

4.1 Signals made ashore will be displayed at the Race Control Hut on the beach and associated flagpole.
4.2 Signals will comply with ISAF siganls except that, by default, for those made ashore  lights will be used in place of flags.

  • Pre-preparatory (1 minute before prep)  Repeated sound signils / All lights flashing
  • Preparatory signal - Raise class Flag / 3 lights
  • 4 minute signal - Raise "P" flag / 2 lights
  • 1 minute signal - Lower "P" flag / 1 light
  • Start time - Lower the class flag / 0 lights
  • Shorten course - Raise "S" flag / 2 outermost lights
  • General recall - Raise 1st substitute / N/A
  • Individual recall - Raise flag "X" / All lights flashing
  • Postponement - Raise AP / N/A


All signals will be accompnaied by a sound

4.3 Rule 40  is changed to: Personal Buoyancy will be worn at all times when afloat. This also changes the part 4 preamble.

5. Schedule of Races
5.1
Races are typically scheduled as follows (see club calendar for details):
Saturday morning racing Class Warning Signal Start
CATAMARANS 1055 1100
MONOHULLS 1100 1105
Saturday afternoon racing Class Warning Signal Start
CATAMARANS 1355 1400
MONOHULLS 1400 1405
Sunday morning racing Class Warning Signal Start
CATAMARANS 1055 1100
MONOHULLS 1100 1105
Sunday afternoon racing Class Warning Signal Start
CATAMARANS 1355 1400
MONOHULLS 1400 1405
5.2 Number of races:
Saturday morning races

MONOHULLS 2

CATAMARANS 2

Saturday afternoon races

MONOHULLS 2

CATAMARANS 2

Sunday morning races

MONOHULLS 2

CATAMARANS 2

Sunday afternoon races

MONOHULLS 2

CATAMARANS 2

5.3 If races are not completed as scheduled or if the race officers or Sailing Committee considers it unlikely that races will be completed as scheduled, then lost races may be run as additional races on the following Sunday (within the series). In the event of a race postponed to the following week, this will be publicised in accordance with section 3.
5.4 When more than one race (or sequence of races, for two or more classes) will be held on the same day the warning signal for each succeeding race will be made as soon as practicable. To alert boats that another race or sequence of races will begin soon, the shortened course flag will be lowered (3 lights flashed) 1 minute before the first warning signal of the next race.

6. Class Flags

The mono hull class flag shall be code Z

Mono fleet flag

The Catamaran class flag shall be the "Hobie" flag.

Catamaran fleet flag

7. Racing Areas

7.1 The racing area will take place in the vicinity of the area between the 2 piers in Brighton with the exception of long distance races and pursuit races.

8. The Course

8.1 Suggested courses can be viewed on the website. However. the course will be decided on by the Officer of the Day and will be displayed on the course board at least 30 minutes before the published start time.

8.4 Legs of the course will not be changed after the preparatory signal, excepting races run using a committee boat, when the committee boat may rearrange the finish line to avoid a hooked finish the This changes rule 33.

9. Marks

9.1 Marks will be inflatable Day Glow orange cylinders, round pink day glow buoys or the following charted navigational marks:
Portobello (squat, large, yellow special navigational marker) off Saltdean
BMYC Racing Mark 1 (Yellow, thin Special Navigational marker, approx 1/4 south of marina entrance
West Pier (red port hand marker) by the end of West Pier
BMYC Racing Mark 2 (Yellow thin Special navigational Marker) approximately 1NM south of palace pier.
Shoreham South Cardinal Mark, name unknown, approximately 1 mile south of Hove lagoon.

10. Areas that constitute obstructions

The following areas are designated obstructions:

10.1 West Pier and all areas formally covered by the West Pier and Steamer Jetty.

10.2 The areas restricted by sea front By Laws, commonly known as "The Swimming area".

10.3 Palace Pier

10.4 The Groin at the Eastern end of the Club Beach to it's low tide extent.

11. The Start

11.1 Races will be started by using rule 26 with the warning signal given 5 minutes before the starting signal.
The warning signal for each succeeding class shall be made with the starting signal of the preceding class.

11.2 The start line will be an extension of a line through the flagstaff and an orange transit triangle set up approximately 20 metres south of the flagstaff. An outer distance mark will form the outer limit of the line. OR the Start line will be a line between the centre of the committee boat, or its main mast, as appropriate, and a mark. An inner distance mark may be used.
11.3 Boats whose warning signal has not been made shall avoid the starting area during the starting sequence for other races.
11.4 A boat starting later than 10 minutes after her starting signal will be scored DNS (Did Not Start). This changes rule A4.

13. The Finish

13.1 The finish line will be an extension of a line through the flagstaff and an orange transit triangle set up approximately 20 metres south of the flagstaff. An outer distance mark will form the outer limit of the line. OR the finish line will be a line between the centre of the committee boat, or its main mast, as appropriate, and a mark. An inner distance mark may be used.

14. Penalty System

14.1 The Scoring Penalty, rule 44.3, will not apply.
14.3 Appendix P will apply. - Under rule P1 the Protest committee's designated observers are the Rescue Boat Helm and Officer of the day.

15. Time Limit

15.1 Boats failing to finish within 20 minutes after the first boat sails the course and finishes will be scored Did Not Finish. This changes rules 35, A4 and A5 .
15.2 If no boat finishes 1 lap within 45 minutes the race will be abandoned.

16. Protests and Requests for Redress

16.1 Protest forms are available in the club bar. Protests shall be delivered there within the protest time limit.
16.2 For each class, the protest time limit is 90 minutes after the last boat has finished the last race of the day. The same protest time limit applies to all protests by the race committee and to requests for redress. This changes rules 61.3 and 62.2.
16.3 Notices will be posted within 30 minutes of the protest time limit to inform competitors of hearings in which they are parties or named as witnesses. Hearings will be held in the Club House beginning at 14:00 on the day of the race or with in 1 hour of the end of protest time.
16.4 Notices of protests by the officer of the day or protest committee will be posted to inform boats under rule 61.1(b).
16.9 Decisions of the jury will be final as provided in rule 70.4.

17. Scoring

17.1 Appendix A low point scloring system will be used.

17.2  All series shall be scored on a discard profile of 6 races attains 1 discard, 9 races attain 2 discards. One race to qualify. The overall position will be a prorater of this profile.
16.2 A helmsman performing race duties will receive mean points for that series race(s) in question.
17.3 If all parts of the boat her rigging and crew did not leave the beach then she shall be scored DNC (did not compete).
17.4 Any helm, competing in any capacity at an open meeting shall be given their average points for that series for the races missed for one day or 2 races per series.
17.5 2 entrants shall constitute a race. If there are no finishers of a race or all finishing competitors are disqualified or retire after the end of the race then the race shall be abandoned. This changes rule 35.

18. Safety Regulations

18.1 Check in and Check out: Helms must sign a declaration at least 15 minutes before the advertised start time indicating that they have adequate insurance that they and their boats are suitable for the conditions and that they agree to abide by the rules.

Helms must also sign a declaration after each race to indicate that the course has been sailed correctly and the sailing instructions obeyed. For races run from a committee boat the helm must also declare the number of laps completed. Failure to comply will result in disqualification.
The time limit for declarations is 1 hour after finishing the last race of the day. Competitors who do not finish the race or retire must sign off DNF for that race.
18.2 A boat that retires from a race shall notify the race committee as soon as possible.

27 Radio Communication Except in an emergency, a boat shall neither make radio transmissions while racing nor receive radio communications not available to all boats. This restriction also applies to mobile telephones.

28. Prizes

28.1 Prizes will be awarded to the crews placing first, second and third in each series.
28.2 Overall prizes will be awarded at the end of the season; prizes will be awarded for crews coming first second and third overall, and in each class. In addition prizes will be awarded for "Ladies Trophy" and a "Junior Trophy".
28.3 Prizes may be issued for special events during the Year.

29 Disclaimer of Liability. Competitors participate in the regatta entirely at their own risk. See rule 4, Decision to Race. The organizing authority will not accept any liability for material damage or personal injury or death sustained in conjunction with or prior to, during, or after the regatta.

* If you are unfamiliar with the council's by-laws do not enter the yellow buoyed areas or attempt to approach the beach any where except the area by the club. Details can be found at Brighton Council by-laws.